Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) is a global initiative to mitigate carbon emissions and to support countries for their efforts in conservation, sustainable management of forests, and enhancement of forest carbon stocks. Arbonaut provides technical assistance to the REDD+ countries in developing and implementing REDD+ strategies, forest reference emission levels and MRV systems.
A national REDD+ strategy process relies on analyzing different strategic options and prioritizing a set of policies, programs and inventions for addressing the drivers of deforestation and forest degradation, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and improving the carbon sink capacity at national, regional and landscape levels. The strategies are developed following the sustainable development principles and a cross-sectoral approach. The most significant drivers to be quantified and to be addressed effectively in the national REDD+ strategies can be identified with an optimal combination of advanced analysis methods, tools, spatial and socio-economic datasets. The effective implementation of REDD+ also requires compatible policies, appropriate institutional setup and cross-sectoral coordination.
It is necessary to establish a business-as-usual baseline that the future land use changes and forest degradation emissions are compared to. Forest Reference Emissions Levels enable monitoring the effectiveness of strategic interventions to address drivers of deforestation and forest degradation and justifying the performance based carbon payments.
The REDD+ countries need to establish the Measuring, Reporting, and Verification systems to monitor and report greenhouse gas emissions by sectors and drivers to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Arbonaut has contributed to the integrated MRV systems by strengthening the existing institutional capacity and integrating the necessary system tools in line with the Global Forest Observation Initiative methodological guidelines in Ghana and Senegal.
Arbonaut is also a project partner of the Forestry Thematic Exploitation Platform project and the MRV applications can potentially benefit from the platform being developed in the context of this European Space Agency funded project.
REDD+ MRV pilot in Senegal MRV Senegal